Homework 5 /7: Sound, Image, and Approaches to Production


Start by reading the following:

  • Chapter 7. Sound + Image in Making Media [1]
  • Chapter 8. Approaches to Production in Making Media

Keep notes in your notebook as you read and jot down questions to look up later or ask about during class discussion.

After you finish the readings, engage in the following activities: [2]


  1. Find specific examples of synchronous, nonsynchronous, diegetic, and non-diegetic sounds in some of your favorite movies or television shows. Describe two examples of each. Write a response in your notebook about how each example's combination of sound and image creates a meaning different from that of the sound or image alone
  2. Watch the videos in Playlist 5 (essay films) in Video Playlists; take notes as you watch and write a brief response to each video in your notebook.
  3. Choose a short scene from a favorite film or television show.  Watch it without sound. Then watch it again with sound. Identify all the different audio tracks that went into the final sound mix. Listen for changes in background/foreground relationships. Watch for uses of nondiegetic sound.  Write a brief response to this activity in your notebook.  


Practice using the following terms in various sentences to demonstrate that you understand the concept's meaning and how to use it to describe media production practices and artifacts. If you’re not sure about a term, review the reading. You will use these terms in writing, discussion, description, and analysis of works, so take some time to review the reading if the concepts are unclear. 

  • ambiance
  • automatic dialogue replacement (ADR, a.k.a. looping)
  • cutaway
  • dialogue
  • diegetic
  • Foley
  • location
  • multi-camera
  • narration
  • non-diegetic
  • nonsynchronous sound
  • one-person crew
  • production approach
  • scoring
  • script
  • single-camera
  • small crew
  • sound design
  • sound effects
  • sound mix
  • soundtrack
  • studio
  • synchronous sound
  • voiceover
  • wild sound

  1. Making Media: Foundations of Sound and Image Production by Jan Roberts-Breslin (4th edition, Routledge, 2018), is available for online reading from O'Reilly Media (requires subscription or access through your educational institution). E-book and print editions are also available from booksellers including Amazon. If you choose to purchase, I suggest the newer edition↩︎
  2. Acknowledgment: This text is based, in part, on the "Putting it into practice” sections in Making Media and has been revised better to fit the structure and learning objectives of the course.↩︎